The Americans with Disabilities Act is the act of law that protects discrimination of people living with disabilities. These disabilities may be physical disabilities or mental impairment. On section 504 of the Americans with Disabilities Act, it states, we should protect any individuals with disabilities from discrimination in higher education’s institutions.
The people with disabilities have the rights and equal opportunities to apply, enroll and be admitted to a post-secondary program offered in a post-secondary facility. This act of law covers all higher learning institutions including all public and private universities, local, state, and federal owned schools and colleges holistically.
The postsecondary institutions must provide accommodation to the persons with disabilities and subject them to equal opportunities in the day to day activities of the school. Programs that are undertaken by the rest of the students should be tailor-made to benefit and accommodate the persons with disabilities.
These students should also be provided with extracurricular activities that are befitting of their condition. These undertakings should however not affect the system of education and compromise the standard academic and personal achievements.
Learning institutions may have an office that litigates and deals with cases involving persons with disabilities. These offices may be mandated to do an assessment, determine, and give recommendations on an individual’s day to day needs.
- These agencies are mandated to facilitate and enforce policies, standards, and duties for students with disabilities. Some of these policies include:
- Use of technology that helps the student to do their works.
- Employment of teachers that have skills to accommodate students with a disability.
- Provision of auxiliary aids and devices such as motorized wheelchairs, provision of medical cover.
- The availability of additional appliances such as braille for the blinds, interpreters for the hearing impaired, note takers among others.
- Provision of accessible housing quarters to facilitate easy movement.
- Emphasis on personal care.
Students with disabilities should also not be subjected to any discrimination due to their participation in ordinary activities, rather he or she should be given equal opportunities to succeed or fail just as other do. Also, we should accommodate them. And award them some extra privileges due to their disability.
- The opportunities include:
- Exclusion from physically demanding activities whether in class or during extracurricular activities.
- Allocation of extra time during exam undertaking.
- Reduced workload.
Students with disabilities like other typical students require privacy. It is the duty of the handlers of these students to respect and accord them the highest levels of privacy they need. The disabled students should also be allowed to use their assistive tools and gadgets in a classroom setting when necessary.
These devices include recorders for recording lectures. These students should also have access to a medical facility and medical assistance at their request. Professional counseling is also a crucial factor when accommodating a student with disabilities.
A student with disabilities, especially recently disabled, requires professional advice and guidance to reaffirm their confidence, boost their performance, and their ability to view themselves as equals. In the event they fail to provide adequate and appropriate accommodation to those students with disabilities is an offense for which the aggrieved individuals can pursue legal actions.
This acts of law provide guidance that utilization of resources, and equal opportunities to the persons with disabilities. Civil penalties are subjected to institutions that deny these essential services to the students.
There are also agencies that are mandated to offer litigation and legal assistance to aggrieved persons. These organizations include the office for civil rights of the United States department of education, institutions offices as well as the private advocacy of persons with disabilities.